In the event that a residence is constructed on top of a slope, near a ravine, bayou, etc. the homeowner must make sure that (a) the foundation is properly designed for the specific site conditions, and (b) proper erosion control systems are in place to assure the stability of the slopes and corresponding foundation stability. A proper erosion control system may consist of the use of grass cover, rip-rap, concrete lining, etc. Other types of erosion protection system can also be used. Foundations/Flat Works Every homeowner should conduct a yearly observation of foundations and flat works and perform any maintenance necessary to improve drainage and minimize infiltrations of water from rain and lawn watering. This is important especially during the first six years of a newly built home because this is usually the time of the most severe adjustment between the new construction and its environment.
We recommend that all of the separations in the flat work and paving joint be immediately backfilled with a joint sealer to minimize surface water intrusion and subsequent shrink/swell. Some cracking may occur in the foundations. For example, most concrete slabs can develop hairline cracks. This does not mean that the foundation has failed. All cracks should be cleaned up of debris as soon as possible. The cracks should be backfilled with a high-strength epoxy glue of similar materials. If a foundation experiences significant separations, movements, cracking, the owner must contact the builder and the engineer to find out the reason(s) for the foundation distress and develop remedial measures to minimize foundation problems.